The Symptoms and Treatment of Bipolar Type 2
Bipolar type 2 is a bipolar spectrum mental disorder that is characterized by manic and depressive episodes. In some cases, bipolar type 2 is simply referred to as manic depression. People who suffer from bipolar type 2 typically experience more depressive episodes than manic episodes. In some cases, a bipolar type 2 patient may never experience a full manic episode. They will experience high energy and some impulsive behavior, but it is typically not as severe as mania. This low level “high” is referred to as hypomania. Hypomania is one of the most distinguishing bipolar type 2 signs. In order to be classified as bipolar type II, at least one hypomanic episode must occur and must last at least four days.
In severe cases, bipolar type 2 symptoms can cause patients to have difficulty leading a normal life. This mental disorder can affect a person’s social life, work capabilities and emotional relationships. In other cases, bipolar type 2 is under-diagnosed because patients are so high functioning. Since the symptoms of a bipolar II patient are typically more negative than manic, some patients are misdiagnosed with depression. On the bipolar spectrum, patients with bipolar type 2 are more likely to attempt suicide or self harming behavior.
There are different types of bipolar type 2 treatment that are used to treat patients. In many cases, two or more types of treatment are combined. There are many prescription medications that are used to treat bipolar type 2. Some of these medications include Lithium, anti-psychotics and antidepressants. Doctors are often cautious when treating bipolar type 2 patients with antidepressants because SSRI drugs may cause a hypomanic episode to occur.
In most cases, medicine is combined with bipolar type 2 therapy. The different types of therapy used to treat bipolar type 2 include cognitive behavioral therapy, family oriented therapy, psycho-education and more. Despite the use of medication and therapy, relapse may still occur in bipolar type 2 patients. In fact, bipolar type 2 is commonly known for the potential of patient relapse. Because of the chance of relapse, long term treatment is often the best route available for patients with bipolar type 2.